This hardy perennial produces daisy-like flowers which have a cone center surrounded by horizontal or drooping petals in shades of pink, lavender, and purple. The flowers are displayed during spring and summer on top of strong, 2-4 foot tall stems which are known to withstand both wind and rain. A magnet for butterflies, this native plant is a must-have for butterfly gardens, cottage gardens, and equally good for traditional beds and borders.
Mature Size: 1-3 feet tall; 2-3 foot spread
Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast
Plant Habit: Upright
Plant Spacing: 18 to 24 inches
Ornamental Characteristics & Uses:
Foliage Color: Green
Flower Color: Pink, Lavender, Purple
Bloom Time: Spring and Summer
Attracts Wildlife: Butterflies and other insect pollinators
Uses: Landscape beds/borders; naturalizing; wildlife gardens; cut flowers
Cold Hardiness Zone(s): 4 – 10
Exposure: Partial Sun – Shade
Water Needs: Moderate
Soil Tolerances: Moderately Drought Tolerant; Tolerates Occasionally Wet Soil
Soil pH: Slightly acidic to alkaline
General Care & Growing Tips:
Coneflower performs best in light shade since protection from late afternoon sun improves drought tolerance and enhances flower and foliage color. In full sun, the plant will require additional water. Remove fading blooms to encourage more flowers and divide clumps every few years to keep plants vigorous. Many cultivars are available in a variety of colors including yellow, red, orange, and white.
Watch for whiteflies and powdery mildew. Fungal leaf spots may appear during wet weather.
Gilman, E. F. (1999). Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower. University of Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fp192
Park Brown, S. and Schoellhorn, R. K. (2006). Your Florida Guide to Perennials. University Press of Florida.
Photos by: Alicia Lamborn
- UF/IFAS Sites
- Demonstration Gardens of the University of Florida's Extension Service
- Ornamental Teaching Gardens: Design, Development and Use
- Types of Gardens
- Lawn and Garden Landscape Design
- Florida-Friendly Landscaping Program
- Florida Yards.org