Fruit and Nut Crops

Apple | Blackberry & Raspberry | Blueberry | Bunch Grape | Chestnuts | Citrus | Fig | Mulberry | Muscadine Grape | Olives | Peach & Nectarine | Pear | Pecans | Persimmon | Plum | Pomegranate | Strawberry


Pomegranate

Normally a dense, bushy, deciduous shrub 6'-12' tall, the plant has slender, somewhat thorny branches. It may be trained as a small tree reaching 20' in height. Blooms are a flaming orange-red, up to 2.5" in diameter with crinkled petals and numerous stamens. Flowers are borne solitary or in small clusters angled towards the end of branchlets.

Pomegranates are brownish-yellow to purplish-red berries 2-5" in diameter with a smooth, leathery skin. Fruits are spherical, somewhat flattened. Numerous seeds are each surrounded by a pink to purplish-red, juicy, subacid pulp which is the edible portion. The pulp is somewhat astringent. Pomegranates in North Florida mature from July to November, but may produce year round in South Florida.

Fertilizing

Fertilize in March and November using 8-8-8 or similar: young trees need 2 to 2.5 pounds (4-5 cups) per tree and mature trees need 4.5 to 6.5 pounds (9-11 cups).  Avoid excessive or late applications of fertilizer which tend to delay fruit maturity and reduce color and quality.

Training and Pruning

Trees tend toward a bushy habit with many suckers arising from the root and crown area. Tree-type plants can be produced by allowing only one trunk to develop. Additional suckers should be removed frequently around main trunk(s). Prune to produce stocky, compact framework in the first 2 years of growth. Cut trees back to 60-75 cm (2-2.5 ft.) at planting and develop three to five symmetrically spaced scaffold limbs by pinching back new shoots, the lowest at least 20-25 cm (8-10 in.) from the ground. Shorten branches to 3/5 of their length during the winter following planting. Remove interfering branches and sprouts leaving two or three shoots per scaffold branch.

Light, annual pruning of established trees encourages production of good quality fruit. Remove dead or damaged wood during late winter months. Remove sprouts and suckers as they appear.

UF/IFAS Publications

The Pomegranate

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