Fruit and Nut Crops
Apple | Blackberry & Raspberry | Blueberry | Bunch Grape | Chestnuts | Citrus | Fig | Mulberry | Muscadine Grape | Olives | Peach & Nectarine | Pear | Pecans | Persimmon | Plum | Pomegranate | Strawberry
While figs are adapted to dry, Mediterranean-type climates, they perform reasonably well in Florida considering the enhanced insect and disease pressure, and rain which can cause fruit to split. With the exception of south Florida, figs receive sufficient winter chilling and most fully dormant trees are hardy to about 15 -20°F. Many cultivars are available on the market and fruit is harvested during the summer months.
Fig trees typically require only light fertilization. Excess fertilization can promote excessive vegetative growth and low yield. If the total amount of vegetative growth is less than one foot in length, then it is appropriate to apply fertilizer. If fertilizer is needed, three to five applications can be made during the growing season (March to August). For young trees, 1/2 pound (1 cup) of 10-10-10 with micronutrients can be applied; for large trees, 2 to 4 pounds (4-8 cups) of 10-10-10 with micronutrients can be applied.
At the time of planting the only pruning necessary would be to remove up to one half of the leader of a single stemmed plant to encourage branching structure.
For established plants, pruning should occur only as needed and after fruit ripening (early in the summer) to allow for flower-bud initiation for the next year. For late-maturing cultivars, pruning may result in a significant reduction in yield the next year. Eliminate dead or diseased limbs, limbs that cross each other especially if rubbing together, and remove long slender “water sprouts”. Larger plants can be trimmed back to maintain the bushy shape and make reaching fruit easier.
County Fact Sheets & Articles
- Chill Hours - UF/IFAS Gardening Solutions
- Fruits - UF/IFAS Gardening Solutions
- Fruits & Nuts - Small Farms & Alternative Enterprises
- Fruit Scapes
Photo credit: en.wikipedia.org