Dwarf Japanese Juniper
Juniperus procumbens 'Nana'
This low-lying evergreen shrub has ground-hugging branches that form a dense mound. When planted in masses, it forms a beautiful bluish-green colored groundcover. The plant has a variety of uses, but is especially useful for erosion control on slopes where turf is difficult to maintain.
Mature Size: 6-12 inches tall, up to 5 feet wide
Growth Rate: Moderate
Plant Habit: Prostrate groundcover
Ornamental Characteristics & Uses:
Foliage Color: Bluish-green
Uses: This versatile plant can be used as a groundcover, planted in a garden border, on a slope, or in a rock garden. It is popular for places where branches can hang over a wall or container edge, can be cultured as a bonsai specimen, and is also suitable for coastal landscapes where salt tolerance is desired.
Cold Hardiness Zone(s): 4-9
Exposure: Full to partial sun
Water Needs: Low; very drought tolerant once established.
Soil Tolerances: Tolerates a wide variety of soils and sites.
Soil pH: Acidic to Alkaline
General Care & Growing Tips:
Water plants regularly during establishment. After establishment, plants typically thrive on rainfall alone in Florida but may need irrigation in times of severe drought. A balanced, slow release fertilizer applied in early spring can be beneficial for growth and development during the first few years. Mature plants do not require regular fertilization. If a cascading shrub is desired, the plant can be staked initially at planting. Shearing dwarf junipers is generally not recommended.
This plant is generally pest free; watch for foliar diseases.
Photo Credit: Alicia Lamborn
Photos by Alicia Lamborn
- UF/IFAS Sites
- Demonstration Gardens of the University of Florida's Extension Service
- Ornamental Teaching Gardens: Design, Development and Use
- Types of Gardens
- Lawn and Garden Landscape Design
- Florida-Friendly Landscaping Program
- Florida Yards.org