Canary Island Date Palm
(Phoenix canariensis)


Plant Description:

This is the largest palm used in Florida landscapes reaching heights of 50 to 60 feet and trunk diameters of 3 to 4 feet after many years.  It is a longed lived evergreen perennial tree with blooms in spring or early summer, followed by orange date-like, ornamental fruits in summer and fall.  With leaves up to 15 feet long and heavily armed petioles, this impressive tree is too large for most residential landscapes. 

Mature Size:     50 - 60 feet tall; 20 - 25 foot crown spread

Growth Rate:     Slow

Plant Habit:     Single trunked tree

Plant Spacing:     Minimum of 25 to 30 feet

 

Ornamental Characteristics & Uses: 

Foliage Color:     Medium green

Flower Color:     Cream-colored (Inconspicuous)

Bloom Time:     Spring – Early Summer

Attracts Wildlife:     Nectar and pollen source for bees

Uses:     Best used as a street tree or as a free standing specimen in large lawn spaces and large commercial building landscapes. 

 

Growing Requirements:

Cold Hardiness Zones:     8 – 10

Hardy Temp:     Leaves will burn in upper teens to around 20o F, while the terminal bud can survive near 0o F.

Exposure:     Full Sun

Water Needs:     Low to Moderate (after establishment)

Soil Tolerances:     Drought tolerant and moderately salt tolerant, prefers sandy loam but tolerates most well drained soils.

Soil pH:     Prefers slightly acid (6 to 6.5)

Maintenance:     Easy/Low

 

General Care & Growing Tips

Use of “Palm Special” fertilizers will prevent minor element problems.  Prune only to remove obviously dead leaves that are hanging below the horizontal.  Be cautious of large dangerous spines on leaf petioles.

 

Common Pests

Palm weevils may attack stressed trees which is best avoided by careful handling during transplanting and adequate watering during establishment.  Leaves are subject to damage by palm leaf skeletonizer caterpillars.  Mildly susceptible to lethal yellowing disease and leaf spot during periods of high humidity.  Stressed or damaged trees are subject to Ganoderma root rot which forms a conk at the base of the tree, but is best avoided by prevention of damage and care not to over water. 

 

Reference: 
Gilman, E. F. and Watson, D. G. (1993).
Phoenix canariensis: Canary Island Date Palm. University of Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/st439

 


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