(Liriope muscari 'Aztec Grass')
While not native to North American, this clumping ornamental grass makes a nice evergreen groundcover for Florida landscapes. Having green and white variegated foliage, it is eye-catching when planted in masses or used as edging for shrub and perennial plantings. Spikes of small, white flowers appear in summer, followed by black fruits which stand out among the light colored foliage.
Mature Size: 1-2 feet
Growth Rate: Moderate
Plant Habit: Upright
Plant Spacing: 6 to 12 inches
Ornamental Characteristics & Uses:
Foliage Color: Green and White (variegated)
Flower Color: White
Bloom Time: Summer
Attracts Wildlife: N/A
Uses: Mass Planting; Edging; Naturalizing
Cold Hardiness Zone(s): 6-10
Exposure: Sun to Shade
Water Needs: Low
Soil Tolerances: Moderately drought tolerant; requires well-drained soils
Soil pH: Acidic to Alkaline
General Care & Growing Tips:
Aztec grass prefers shadier sites but will tolerate full sun, except in zones 9 to 11 where no more than 4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight is recommended. A single application of slow-release fertilizer applied in spring is beneficial, along with supplemental irrigation during times of severe drought. This plant can also be mowed once a year during late winter to remove last season’s declining foliage.
No pests or diseases are of major concern, but occasional problems with mites, slugs, snails, or scale may occur.
Gilman, E. F. (n.d.) Retrieved from: http://nassau.ifas.ufl.edu/horticulture/demogarden/Printables/Aztec%20Grass.pdf
Wichman, T., Knox, G., Gilman, E., Sandrock, D., Schutzman, B., Alvarez, E., Schoellhorn, R., and Larson, B. (2006). Florida-Friendly Plant List. Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Handbook. University of Florida.
Photos by: Alicia Lamborn
- UF/IFAS Sites
- Demonstration Gardens of the University of Florida's Extension Service
- Ornamental Teaching Gardens: Design, Development and Use
- Types of Gardens
- Lawn and Garden Landscape Design
- Florida-Friendly Landscaping Program
- Florida Yards.org